Cellular effects of resveratrol in skeletal muscle.

Friday, May 08, 2009 @ 8:57:00 AM - Written by Life Sci. 2009 May 8;84(19-20):637-40. Epub 2009 F

Dirks Naylor AJ.

School of Pharmacy, Wingate University, 316 N. Main Street, Wingate, NC 28174, USA. anaylor@wingate.edu

Resveratrol is a stilbene found naturally in various plants with the highest concentration in the skin of grapes and peanuts. The function of this compound in plants is to confer resistance against bacterial and fungal infection. The effects of resveratrol in animals and humans are currently an area of intense investigation. Resveratrol has been shown to have a plethora of health benefits including protection against cardiovascular disease, various cancers, type II diabetes, and also has life extending properties. The beneficial effects of resveratrol in skeletal muscle have been given less attention in the literature compared to other tissues. Therefore, the focus of this review is to highlight the cellular effects of resveratrol in skeletal muscle. Resveratrol has been shown to alter protein catabolism and muscle function, and confer resistance against oxidative stress, injury, and cell death of skeletal muscle cells. The mechanisms underlying these resveratrol-induced adaptations in skeletal muscle are discussed.

PMID: 19233212

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